Omega 3, Omega 6, Omega 9
this is one of the 8 basic elements of health, youth and beauty of a person. The polyunsaturated fatty acids (ALA, EPA, DHA, DPA) included in Omega 3 are not synthesized by the human body and enter it only with food. These omega-3 acids affect the metabolism in the body, including at the cellular level. They protect our cells from premature aging, help preserve their genetic information, regulate fat metabolism and the vital activity of beneficial bacteria that live in the intestine. Modern food is very poor in Omega 3, so with a lack of these acids, no nutritional tricks can help, except for Omega 3 containing drugs. In food and preparations, there are four types of Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA):
- Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)
- Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
- Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
- Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA)
The degree of demand for one or the other omega-3 PUFAs by a human body from a chemical point of view depends on:
- The number of double bonds in the molecule. Dual bonds actually determine the ability of Omega 3 PUFAs to protect tissues from aggressive forms of oxygen and transform into substances necessary for the body.
- Simplicity of converting Omega 3 PUFAs into any other form required at the time.
Docosahexaenoic acid or DHA It is synthesized by fish, shrimp and marine mammals from the EPA. In very small amounts, it is formed in plants and in the human body. It consists of 22 carbon atoms, hence the name "dokosa" appeared in the name, contains six unsaturated bonds - "hexa". Six double (unsaturated) bonds make DHA most useful for the human body, because important regulatory substances are formed from it. The receipt of sufficient quantities of DHA is necessary for: Prevention of atherosclerosis, heart attacks and strokes; Cessation of chronic inflammation of the joints and internal organs; Alleviation of symptoms and prevention of allergies; Inhibition of skin aging, including photoaging from the sun; Elimination of diathesis symptoms in children and atopic dermatitis in adults; Prevention of late toxicosis and miscarriage; Solving problems of hyperactivity and associated low learning in children; Mitigation of symptoms or complete cure for depression. Deficiency of DHA is the most common variant of deficiency of Omega 3 PUFAs. One look at the above list of diseases and problems gives a clear idea of the possible consequences of a shortage of DHA in the body. The human body is able in the case of an acute need to convert DHA to EPA, however, this process is very "uneconomical", as it takes away a lot of energy from cells.